What is Land Use Planning:

Land-use Planning is the process of planning a scientific and orderly
allocation of land, community resources, facilities, and services with a
view to maintaining and improving the physical environment and the economic
and social conditions of the community.

Land Use Planning is important to First Nations for their aboriginal lands
to ensure sustainability and can be used as a tool towards self-reliance.

Land Use planning starts with an overall vision for the community. It uses
a comprehensive public process. It is essential that the membership be
involved in the initial development of the vision as this outlines the
future for the entire membership. The membership must also be involved in
the identification of issues and concerns as well as the review of the
option and the solutions.

The Land Use process is a process for determining:

  • the most appropriate land uses for an area;
  • the responsible designation of future land uses that encourage
    sustainability; and
  • who is allowed to use or develop the land.

Good community use planning uses the sustainable development model that
includes four major components: environment, economic, social and culture.

The basic comprehensive planning process includes four major phases:

  1. Pre-Planning (Kanehsatake is currently in this phase having received a
    commitment from INAC for $75,000.00)
  2. Development of the plan
  3. Implement the plan
  4. Monitor and evaluate the plan

In the Pre-planning phase we aspire to achieve a vision supported by values
and principles. Goals which describe in detail what the membership wants to
achieve. Policies outlining an accepted course of action. Objectives which
describe what must be done to reach the goals, and strategies outlining how
it’s done naming projects and tasks, coupled with a timeline and

Average land use plans take 3 years to complete.

In the pre-planning stage we will address the following issues:

  • The amount of land to be subject to the LUP: Band land, the Kanehsatake
    Interim land base, 1945 purchased lands etc.
  • The location of the land: with respect to other built-up areas; surrounded
    by other built-up areas; near protected areas.
  • The stakeholders in the community: each with their own perspective, such
    as the Chief and Council, the elders, the land management staff, those with
    land tenure, and ultimately the community as a whole, including youth.
  • Type land versus type of usage: current benefits and problems with the
    land in terms of type of usage; allocation of each type of usage;
    environmental concerns.
  • Community requirements: infrastructure requirements; community social
    needs for education, health, and recreation; opportunities for economic
  • Cultural uses: land reserved for traditional uses.

**It is important to point out that the Environmental Management Plan should
co-exist with the Land Use plan. Each of these plans should be community
owned and executed.

Land use planning is Managing land for sustainability with our people, for
our lands, being mindful of the environment for future generations.

In early December 2017 a flyer was sent out to the membership of Kanehsatake
introducing the Land Use Planning initiative with the Lands Department. I
asked who would like to be part of the lands committee who will be
establishing a preliminary vision of Land Use Planning in Kanhesatake. The
Lands and Estates website will be launched soon, and will contain a survey
(through survey monkey) a short survey for community members to participate
in which will allow for me to gauge how the membership feels about
Kanehsatake lands, its sustainability, protections, concerns, and

Please consider the following questions:

  • What area (s) of the territory should the plan consider?
  • Are there any legal constraints in the management of your territory lands,
    if so, how do you suggest they be resolved?
  • Are there concerns about the ecosystems on the territory land?
  • Are there environmental constraints, such as slopes, flooding, riparian
    buffers, green space, accretion or erosion?
  • Are there any constraints in the management of your territory’s land,
    resulting from Federal Acts or provincial legislation?
  • Are there access or rights of way to be considered?
  • What development is on-going now?
  • How much land is already leased? (or should be leased under lease
  • Is there a Specific Claim underway?
  • How much land is allocated or granted by Oka Letter to families?

Public Participation is critical in both environmental and land use
decision-making. First Nation Community is a wealth of information,
knowledge and expertise that is essential to this process.

Please visit this website regularly for further information land use
planning and to participate in the live blog and upcoming announcements.

Land Use Planning – Sample FAQ Sheets